Friday, July 18

History of Mizoram

The history of Mizoram dates back to early 16th century when the tribes known as Mizos were migrated from China and settled in the Shan State. They moved on to Kabaw Valley to Khampat and then to the Chin Hills in the middle of this century. The earliest Mizos who migrated to India were known as Kukis and the second batch of immigrants were called as New Kukis.

The history of Mizoram in between 18th and 19th Century is marked by many instances of tribal raids and retaliatory expeditions of security. Mizo Hills were formally declared as part of the British-India by a proclamation in 1895. North and south hills were united into Lushai Hills district in 1898 with Aizawl as its headquarters.

The British continued to rule over the tribal dominated area of Assam from 1919 and during this period Lushai Hills along with some other hill districts was declared a Backward Tract under government of India Act. The tribal districts of Assam including Lushai Hills were declared Excluded Area in 1935.

During British period the political development in the state became significant and the first political party i.e. Mizo Common People's Union was formed on 9th April 1946. The party was later rechristened as Mizo Union. With India’s independence in 1947, the constituent assembly set up an advisory committee to entertain the matters related to minorities and the tribals of the north eastern region. A sub-Committee, under the chairmanship of Gopinath Bordoloi was formed to advise the Constituent Assembly on the tribal affairs in the North East.

Following the Bordoloi Sub-Committee's suggestion, a certain amount of autonomy was accepted by the Government and enshrined in the Six Schedule of the constitution. The Lushai Hills Autonomous District Council came into being in 1952 followed by the formation of these bodies led to the abolition of chieftainship in the Mizo society.

The autonomy however met the aspirations of the Mizos only partially. Representatives of the District Council and the Mizo Union pleaded with the States Reorganization Commission (SRC) in 1954 for integrated the Mizo-dominated areas of Tripura and Manipur with their District Council in Assam.

The Mizo tribal leaders were not happy with the SRC recommendations. They raised demand for a separate state comprising of all hill districts of Assam. They met in Aizwal in 1955 and formed a new political party, Eastern India Union (EITU). The protests continued for over three decades and finally the hill problems were realized by the government of India. Mizoram was given a full fledged status of a state only on 20 Feb, 1987 by an amendment in the constitution of India.